Unemployment

 Within the whole Czech Republic, South Moravia is a region with a long-term above-average level of unemployment. This is a trend that has been apparent since late ninties when traditional pillars of the region’s economy – especially textile and many engineering companies started to go bankrupt. Also, the leather and shoe-making industries faced substantial job-losses, as well as the brown-coal mining and metal working branches. Since then, the negative tendency of unemployment growth has been partly offset by the foreign direct investment that has been flowing mainly to the electronics, engineering and automotive sectors. After its peaks in early 2004 (unemployment rate of 12.1 %) and 2010 (reaching 11.4 % due to a worldwide crisis) the unemployment rate is constantly decreasing and nowadays is the lowest since 1996.1 The unemployment tends to fluctuate during the year with rates being the highest in winter months and the lowest during the late summer or autumn. In absolute figures it means between 26,000 (June 2019) and 34,000 (January 2019) jobless, of which little less than a half are usually women (49.6 % in winter, but up to 53.7 % in summer months). The share of unemployed is 3.5 % and it is generally regarded as higher than national average (2.8 %, 2019).

Unemployment rate trend 1994–2019

 

 

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Regional Development Agency of South Moravia


From the regional point of view the most affected areas are Hodonín district and Znojmo district with average year unemployment nearly 5.0 % in 2019 (some 5,000 unemployed in Hodonín, 3,700 unemployed in Znojmo). The unemployment rate in the City of Brno during the crisis rose up from 5.5 % (2008) to 9.0 % in the first half of 2014. Current rate is steadily around 4.0 % (with some 11,000 unemployed) thereby has become the third highest in the region. Among the unemployed in Brno there is also the highest share of university graduates (almost 16 per cent in summer months in opposite to the regional 12.0 % and national 10.0 % average; 07/2019).

Average annual unemployment rate in the South Moravian Region (share of the unemployment rate in the population aged 15–64)

 

 

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Regional Development Agency of South Moravia

Tab. 8: Unemployment rate in individual districts of South Moravia

District

2005

2008

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019*

Blansko

8.4

5.5

10.2

8.7

8.8

7.1

6.9

5.8

4.9

3.5

2.8

2.4

Brno-city

9.5

5.5

8.5

8.1

8.5

8.3

8.9

8.0

7.2

5.8

4.6

4.1

Brno-district

6.9

4.2

8.3

7.7

7.6

6.6

6.7

5.6

4.7

3.7

2.8

2.5

Břeclav

10.6

6.0

11.1

10.8

10.1

8.1

7.7

6.3

5.3

4.1

3.4

3.0

Hodonín

14.3

9.9

15.0

14.0

13.9

10.7

10.4

8.8

7.8

6.4

5.2

4.5

Vyškov

9.1

4.4

8.9

8.2

8.3

6.8

6.3

4.9

3.9

3.0

2.3

2.0

Znojmo

13.1

9.5

13.2

12.6

13.4

10.2

10.3

9.1

8.1

6.7

5.6

5.0

South Moravia

10.1

6.2

10.2

9.6

9.7

8.3

8.3

7.2

6.3

5.0

4.0

3.5

Czech Republic

8.9

5.4

9.0

8.5

8.6

7.7

7.7

6.5

5.5

4.2

3.3

2.9

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Average annual data (* January–September average, 2019)

Tab. 9: Job opportunities

District

2005

2008

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019*

Blansko

586

831

205

197

194

277

385

666

828

1,081

1,131

960

Brno-city

2,548

6,950

1,370

866

965

780

1,422

3,110

4,091

5,803

8,044

10,134

Brno-district

602

3,059

536

647

557

434

800

1,455

2,519

4,051

7,375

7,564

Břeclav

419

705

237

183

227

321

611

1,046

1,268

1,297

1,751

1,974

Hodonín

537

827

339

384

343

335

432

812

1,041

1,355

2,179

2,132

Vyškov

280

552

159

204

195

225

255

543

770

1,103

1,524

1,784

Znojmo

642

1,267

417

333

360

448

418

906

761

1,052

1,413

1,496

South Moravia

5,613

14,190

3,262

2,813

2,839

2,819

4,322

8,536

11,277

15,741

23,416

26,042

Czech Republic

54,677

133,485

32,992

36,982

39,597

39,874

51,396

96,038

131,191

189,282

298,895

340,921

Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Average annual data (* 1Q – 2Q 2019 average)


1 since 2013 the share of the unemployed in the population aged 15 – 64 years is monitored instead of registered unemployment rate (ratio of the number of job applicants out of work to the number of employment - annual moving average)

  • Regional Development Agency of South Moravia
    Královopolská 139
    612 00 Brno
    Czech Republic
    www.rrajm.cz

    Jan Hladík
    +420 541 219 282
    +420 541 212 125
    jan.hladik@rrajm.cz